Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a term that refers to a wide range of medical therapies that are used in addition to, or as an alternative to, conventional Western medicine.

Kidney cancer, or renal cancer, is a type of cancer that begins in the kidney. The kidney is a bean-shaped organ that filters blood and helps to remove waste from the body.

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that affects the cells of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.

Necrosis of the skin refers to the death of skin cells. Many factors can cause it and can lead to severe complications, such as sepsis (blood poisoning), necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating bacteria), and amputation.

Cancer, one of the leading causes of death worldwide, is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that can invade or spread to other parts of the body.

Load More

The Future of Treatments - Understanding Cancer Cell Biology

March 7, 2022
Est. Reading: 3 minutes

Understanding Cancer Cell Biology

For over a century, cancers have been classified by the organ or tissue where they begin—the breast, lungs, bone marrow, digestive system, and so on—and therapies have been geared to those areas. Fortunately, by understanding cancer cell biology, a new perspective has emerged.

Targeted Therapies - What is targeted therapy for cancer?

Targeted therapy is a treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific cancer cells without harming normal cells. It is often referred to as "targeted therapy" because it hits particular targets on cancer cells.

targeted therapy for cancer

How do targeted therapies work?

Traditional chemotherapy drugs kill rapidly dividing cells, including cancer cells, whereas targeted therapies interfere only with the specific molecular pathways that drive cancer growth. Cancer cells have abnormal proteins on their surface or within their cells, allowing them to grow and divide uncontrollably. By interfering with these proteins, targeted therapies can stop cancer cells from growing and dividing.

What are the benefits of targeted therapies?

Since targeted therapies interfere with the specific proteins that drive cancer growth, they often have fewer side effects than traditional chemotherapy drugs and are more likely to be effective.

Personalized Cancer Treatment

Personalize the dosing and the drug to the disease and the patient. Researchers use what are called biomarkers. In the case of cancer, biomarkers refer to substances produced by cancer cells or the body in response to cancer that identify or “mark” the specific type of cancer a patient has. Blood, urine, and tissue tests can measure them.

From the biomarkers, you can compute a risk score. This score reflects how likely a person’s cancer will progress within a certain period. The risk score can help the doctor decide which treatments to offer and how aggressively to treat a patient’s cancer.

what is targeted therapy for cancer

Sequencing Cancer Genomes

Aided by powerful new technologies, such as massively parallel sequencing and whole-genome analysis, it is now possible to sequence the genomes of cancers in detail. Healthcare providers can use this information to identify the specific genetic mutations that have arisen in a particular tumor and to select therapies that exploit these vulnerabilities.

A New Paradigm

Our best way of understanding cancer is by understanding cancer cell biology and how it interacts. It requires a holistic study of interactions in biological systems, looking at cancer, and how the different cell processes influence each other. The field of cancer research is ever-evolving, and with new technologies and treatments being developed constantly, we are getting closer to curing this disease. By understanding cancer cell biology, we can target therapies specifically for each person’s cancer, giving them the best chance at a cure.

Our growing understanding of cancer cell biology should lead to better ways of diagnosing and treating cancer.

Anticancer therapies can destroy cancer cells preferentially by exploiting the properties that distinguish them from normal cells, including the defects they harbor in their DNA repair mechanisms, cell-cycle checkpoints, and apoptosis pathways. One can also attack tumors through their dependence on their blood supply.

Understanding the standard control mechanisms and how in specific cancers makes it possible to devise drugs to target cancers more precisely. As we become better able to determine which genes are amplified, deleted, and mutated in the cells of any given tumor, we can tailor treatments more accurately to each patient.

cancer cell biology

We hope you liked this article on future cancer treatments. Please feel free to contact us.

References: Alberts B, Johnson A, Lewis J, et al. Molecular Biology of the Cell. 4th edition. New York: Garland Science; 2002. Cancer Treatment: Present and Future. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK26811/

You may also like: Immunotherapy For Cancer – 10 Ways To Quickly Boost Immune System

Sharing is caring
Copyright © 2024 All Rights Reserved
cross linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram