CLL Treatment – CLL cancer or Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a type of leukemia that typically affects older adults. This disease begins in the bone marrow, where blood cells are made, and eventually moves into the blood. CLL cancer can be difficult to treat because it progresses slowly and does not respond well to chemotherapy. However, there are new treatments available that may be more effective. CLL cancer usually impacts the lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cell. These cells help fight infection and disease.
In CLL cancer, the lymphocytes become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably. The abnormal cells crowd out the healthy cells in the bone marrow, making it difficult for the body to produce new blood cells. CLL symptoms often do not appear in the diseases' early stages. As it progresses, CLL symptoms may include fatigue, weakness, weight loss, and enlarged lymph nodes. CLL cancer is diagnosed with a blood test and bone marrow biopsy. Treatment typically involves chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or immunotherapy. CLL cancer is a serious disease, but with treatment, many people live for many years.
Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. It occurs when the body produces abnormal blood cells, which crowd out the healthy blood cells in the bone marrow. Leukemia can be acute or chronic. Acute leukemia is fast-growing cancer that requires immediate treatment. Chronic leukemia is slower-growing cancer that progresses over time. There are several types of leukemia, which are classified by the type of blood cell that is affected. The most common type of leukemia is chronic lymphocytic leukemia or CLL cancer.
There are two main types of CLL cancer:
CLL can also be classified by how it progresses:
CLL cancer can also be classified by the stage it is in:
CLL diagnosis usually happens with a blood test and bone marrow biopsy. A blood test can determine the levels of white blood cells in the blood. A bone marrow biopsy is a procedure that removes a small piece of bone from the hipbone to look at under a microscope. This procedure can help determine if cancer has spread to the bone marrow.
There are several types of CLL treatment, which include:
CLL treatment frequently depends on the stage of cancer, the person's age and health, and other factors. CLL support includes prevention. Several things can be done to help prevent CLL cancer: