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3 Basic CLL Treatment Options

April 14, 2022
Est. Reading: 3 minutes

CLL Treatment: CLL cancer, or Chronic lymphocytic leukemia, is a type of leukemia that typically affects older adults. This disease begins in the bone marrow, where blood cells are made and eventually moves into the blood. CLL cancer can be challenging to treat because it progresses slowly and does not respond well to chemotherapy. However, there are new treatments available that may be more effective. CLL cancer usually impacts the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. These cells help fight infection and disease.

In CLL cancer, the lymphocytes become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably. The abnormal cells crowd out the healthy cells in the bone marrow, making it difficult for the body to produce new blood cells. CLL symptoms often do not appear in the disease's early stages. CLL symptoms may include fatigue, weakness, weight loss, and enlarged lymph nodes as it progresses. CLL cancer is diagnosed with a blood test and bone marrow biopsy. Treatment typically involves chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or immunotherapy. CLL cancer is a severe disease, but with treatment, many people live for many years.

What is Leukemia?

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. It occurs when the body produces abnormal blood cells, which crowd out the healthy blood cells in the bone marrow. Leukemia can be acute or chronic. Acute leukemia is a fast-growing cancer that requires immediate treatment. Chronic leukemia is a slower-growing cancer that progresses over time. Leukemia is classified by the type of blood cell affected, leading to various kinds of the condition. The most common type of leukemia is chronic lymphocytic leukemia or CLL cancer.

CLL diagnosis, CLL Support, CLL Symptoms, CLL treatment

CLL Diagnosis and Types of Cancer

There are two main types of CLL cancer:

  • B-cell CLL cancer: This type of leukemia starts in the B-cells, a type of white blood cell. B-cell CLL cancer is the most common type of CLL cancer.
  • T-cell CLL cancer: This type of leukemia starts in the T-cells, a type of white blood cell. T-cell CLL cancer is less common than B-cell CLL cancer.

CLL can also be classified by how it progresses:

  • Indolent CLL: This type of CLL cancer progresses slowly and does not respond well to chemotherapy.
  • Aggressive CLL: This type of CLL cancer moves quickly and responds well to chemotherapy.

CLL cancer can also be classified by the stage it is in:

  • Stage I: The cancer is found in only one area and is small.
  • Stage II: The tumor is located in one or more areas but is still tiny.
  • Stage III: The cancer is medium-sized in one or more areas.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

CLL diagnosis usually happens with a blood test and bone marrow biopsy. A blood test can determine the blood's levels of white blood cells. A bone marrow biopsy is a procedure that removes a small piece of bone from the hipbone to look at under a microscope. This procedure can help determine if cancer has spread to the bone marrow.

CLL Treatment and Prevention

There are several types of CLL treatment, which include:

  • Chemotherapy: This type of treatment uses drugs to kill cancer cells.
  • Targeted therapy: This treatment uses drugs or radiation to kill cancer cells with a specific target.
  • Immunotherapy (The CC Formula): This treatment uses the body's immune system to fight cancer cells.

CLL treatment frequently depends on the stage of cancer, the person's age and health, and other factors. CLL support includes prevention. To help prevent CLL cancer, individuals can take several proactive measures:

CLL diagnosis, CLL Support, CLL Symptoms, CLL treatment

  • Getting vaccinated: Vaccines benefit CLL support and prevention. Vaccines can help protect against certain viruses that can increase the risk of CLL cancer.
  • Avoiding contact with radiation: radiation exposure can increase the risk of CLL cancer.
  • Avoiding smoking and secondhand smoke: Smoking increases the risk of CLL cancer.
  • Staying healthy: Eating a nutritious diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding too much alcohol can help reduce the risk of CLL cancer.
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