Healthy cells have a structure determined by their DNA. They need energy to exist and live, which they derive from chemicals in the food you consume. All cells need a system to deliver nutrients such as amino acids, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals to them. This system is the body’s network of blood vessels. Growth factors take a cell from birth (mitosis and meiosis) to death (apoptosis), all the while helping it to function normally.
What is the difference between Normal Cells and Cancer Cells?
- Normal Cells have DNA in their genes and chromosomes that functions normally.
- Normal Cells divide in an orderly way to produce more cells only when the body needs them.
- Normal Cells derive 70% of their energy from a process called the Krebs cycle.
- Normal Cells derive only 20% of their energy from a process called glycolysis.
- Normal Cells derive most of their energy using oxygen.
- Normal Cells operate at a normal metabolic level and reproduce themselves at a regulated pace.
- Cancer Cells develop an aberrant DNA or gene structure or acquire abnormal numbers of chromosomes.
- Cancer Cells continue to be created without control or order. Excess cells form a mass of tissue called a tumor.
- Cancer Cells exhibit a defective Krebs cycle and derive little or no energy from it.
- Cancer Cells derive almost all their energy from glycolysis.
- Cancer Cells are overactive and overproduce themselves, thus requiring more nutrients.
How A Healthy Normal Cell Can Become a Cancer Cell