Cancer cells are cells gone wrong, in other words, they no longer respond to many of the signals that control cellular growth and death as described in the Krebs Cycle. Cancer cells originate within tissues and, as they grow and divide, they change even further from normalcy.
Over time, these cells become increasingly resistant to the controls that maintain normal tissue and as a result, they divide more rapidly than their progenitors and become less dependent on signals from other cells. Cancer cells even evade programmed cell death, despite the fact that their multiple abnormalities would normally make them prime targets for apoptosis. In the late stages of cancer, cells break through normal tissue boundaries and metastasize (spread) to new sites in the body. Continue reading