How We Read Oncologic FDG PET CT – Metal Metabolism in Health and Disease

In healthy states, metal homeostasis is tightly controlled, and its deregulation is implicated as a cause or consequence of many human diseases. The study of trace metals in biology and medicine, historically known as inorganic biochemistry or bioinorganic chemistry, is growing in importance, becoming fashionably known as “metallomics.” Continue reading

CC Treatment Observed Skin Pathological Uses and Mohs Surgery

Skin cancer is the out-of-control growth of abnormal cells in the epidermis, the outermost skin layer, caused by unrepaired DNA damage that triggers mutations. These mutations lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors. The main types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in the lower part of the epidermis. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are the flat cells that form the surface of the skin. Cutaneous melanoma is cells that make pigment in the skin. Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) arises from the endocrine (hormonal) cells and nervous systems in the epidermis. Most Dermatologists provide Mohs Surgery or also Chemosurgery. Continue reading

Chemotherapy Induced Malignancy And Future Solutions

Chemotherapy and radiation is an integral part of cancer treatment, more than half of all cancer patients will undergo one or both therapies.

With significant advances made in the field of chemo and radiation the amount of long-term cancer survivors has dramatically increased over the years, however, there is a growing concern about the chance of developing a secondary malignancy.

Continue reading

Cancer Cells Mutations – Why Is Cancer So Hard To Kill?

The current standard of care for cancer is a very general “one-size-fits-all” therapy.

And the more we learn about cancer the more we realize that all cancers are different and the treatment is becoming less and less realistic. The problem with chemotherapy is that it has no way to directly target cancer cells. Chemotherapy acts by killing any cell that is in the process of dividing.

Continue reading

Oxygen Based Radicals – Reactive Oxygen Species – Killer Cells – SOD

Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) is a phrase used to describe a number of reactive molecules and free radicals derived from molecular oxygen.

The production of oxygen-based radicals is the bane to all aerobic species.

Continue reading

The Cancer Of Connective Tissues

Sarcoma is rare cancer in adults (1% of all adult cancers), but prevalent in children (about 20% of all childhood cancers).

It is made up of many “subtypes” because it can arise from a variety of tissue structures (nerves, muscles, joints, bone, fat, blood vessels – collectively referred to as the body’s “connective tissues”). Because these tissues are found everywhere on the body, Sarcomas can arise anywhere.

Continue reading